This savoir-faire requires the use of a flexible material, both natural and artificial: wax.
The candle maker works with a mix of animal (beeswax), mineral (paraffin wax) and vegetal wax. The melted wax is tinted in the mass. The straight or conical shape of the candle depends on the technique used to put the wax on the wick: « à la louche » (using a ladle) or « à la plongée » (by plunging the wick into the wax).
Wax is used in the industrial sector but in craftsmanship as well.
For centuries, the artisan candle maker has been crafting regular and church candles, made of flammable matter and a weaved cotton wick. Beyond its lighting purposes, the candle is used today for religious reasons, meditation and as an interior decoration and air freshener. It became a must-have in our homes. Wax is also handled in foundries through the technique of “lost wax”.
The artisan candle maker must check the temperatures, pay attention to the raw materials used (not everything is used to make the candle), formulate their scents, define their coloring, and decide on the technique they will use for every candle created.
The master chandler has different fabrication techniques:
The dipping technique in which long wicks are plunged into a wax vat. Between each plunge, the wax on the wick needs to solidify. The maker proceeds to as many plunges as needed to obtain the desired volume/size.
The throwing technique where the candlemaker collects the wax using a ladle and pours it onto each wick hanging above the vast. While the wax cools down on one wick, the maker proceeds to the same method with the others, until the desired diameter is obtained. This technique can also be used at the finishing stage.
The filling technique is preferred in order to craft candles made to be held in a container.
Finally, the molding technique supposes the use of a mold of a particular shape, chosen, designed or sculpted depending on the candle and the desired effect. It is the technique selected by our wax artisan, Mona Oren, who develops through her artistic practice an expertise of molding and imprint.
Through her creations, the sculptor takes up the challenge of overcoming the common use of wax as a flammable material and value it for what it is: flexible, malleable and delicate. Mona has a very personal and creative approach to wax, her favourite matter.